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The production and distribution of knowledge in the United States / by Fritz Machlup.

Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1962.
ISBN 0691003564, 9780691003566

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Subjects Economie de l'éducation.
Economie de la connaissance.
Economie de la culture.
Etats-Unis d'Amérique.
États-Unis -- Vie intellectuelle.
Forschung und Entwicklung.
Learning and scholarship -- United States.
Learning and scholarship.
Recherche et développement.
Savoir et érudition -- États-Unis.
Savoir et érudition -- Histoire -- États-Unis.
United States.
Description xix, 416 pages ; 25 cm
Copyright Date 1962.
Notes Later edition (c1980) published under title: Knowledge, its creation, distribution, and economic significance.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Inventive effort and patent protection -- Discovery and invention -- Technological inventions and improvements -- Patents of invention and property in ideas -- Large corporations and employed inventors -- Small firms and independent inventors -- End of growth in patented inventions? -- Why the relative decline? -- Patents and research expenditures -- Basic research and higher education -- Basic research and higher education are complementary -- Past neglect of basic research -- The productivity of basic research -- Competing fields of knowledge -- The types of knowledge conveyed by books -- The types of knowledge conveyed by periodicals -- The types of knowledge conveyed by newspapers -- The types of knowledge conveyed by radio -- The types of knowledge conveyed by television -- The types of knowledge produced by advertising.
Methods of producing knowledge -- Techniques and intents of knowledge-production -- Types of individual knowledge-producers -- Knowledge-receiving as knowledge-production -- Knowledge as consumption, investment, or cost -- Production : the use of valuable input for valuable output -- Investment in knowledge and investment for knowledge -- Knowledge as intermediate product -- Knowledge-producing personnel in business firms -- Instruments for the production of knowledge -- Who pays for it and how? -- Knowledge-producing industries and occupations -- The knowledge industry -- What we don't know about the knowledge industry -- The type of product or the type of labor -- Industries and occupations -- "Complete" division of labor -- Production for inter-industry trade and intra-industry use -- The major subdivisions of the industry -- Firms, industries, and the whole economy -- The occupational structure of single firms.
The productivity of education -- Investment or consumption? -- The returns on investment in education -- The rates of return -- Social versus private benefits -- Measures against underinvestment in education -- Average versus marginal returns -- Increased versus improved investment -- Efficiency in education -- The stock of knowledge -- Production and reproduction of knowledge by the schools -- No measurement of output or effect of education? -- The productive contribution of prolonged education -- International comparisons of achievement -- International comparisons of curricula -- Acceleration of intellectual growth -- A proposal for school reform -- The educational goals -- The economic argument -- The premises.
Types of knowledge and of knowledge production -- The known and the knowing -- The double meaning -- Knowledge-production -- Information and knowledge -- Classifications of knowledge -- Persuasive definitions of knowledge -- Basic and applied knowledge -- Scientific and historical; general-abstract and particular-concrete; analytical and empirical -- Knowledge of enduring and of transitory interest -- Max Scheler's Classification -- Five classes of knowledge -- Knowledge and truth -- Intellectual, pastime, and unwanted knowledge -- Response to free consumers' choice and political decision -- Subjectively new and socially new knowledge -- Knowledge as product -- consumption or investment -- or as cost.
Geographic Area United States
Network Numbers (OCoLC)250832
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Machlup, Fritz, 1902-1983.
Publication timeline, list of works, related names and subjects and other information


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