Socialism in America: from the Shakers to the Third International; a documentary history.


[1st ed.].. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1970.

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Subjects Socialism -- United States -- Sources.
Socialism -- United States.
Socialism.
United States.
Description xi, 580 pages 22 cm
Copyright Date 1970.
Notes Includes bibliographical references.
Summary Most studies of socialism in America have regarded it as an alien movement imported from Europe. Here, for the first time, is a documented history that establishes it as an integral, and neglected, part of the American past. "America in the course of its history," compiler Albert Fried writes in his introduction, "called forth a variety of socialisms: communitarian, both religious and secular; Marxist; Anarcho-Communist; Christian. What animated these socialisms, what underlay their enormous differences--and why it is proper to bring them under the same rubric--was their conviction that each person's obligation to society as a whole was the absolute condition of his equality; that society was a brotherhood, not a collection of strangers drawn together by interest; that the individual derived his highest fulfillment from his solidarity with others, not from the pursuit of advantage and power. Whatever their persuasion, all Socialists regarded the opposition of self and society as a false one, reflecting the prevailing ethic of greed and domination. All envisioned an end, really a return to the beginning, in the form of either the perfect community, or the Kingdom of Heaven, or the cooperative commonwealth, each the realization of the promise of America." Fried details the history of these socialist movements, and supplements his account with generous selections, most of them never before reprinted, drawn from the astonishingly rich vein of native socialist literature--from the Shakers, the followers of Owen and Fourier, and the early German Marxists through Laurence Gronlund, Edward Bellamy, William Dean Howells, Eugene V. Debs, Morris Hillquit, "Big Bill" Haywood, and the first American apostles of twentieth century Communism.--From publisher description.
Contents The course of American Socialism: a synoptic view -- Religious Communitarians -- The Secular Communitarians -- The Germans -- The New Apostles -- Christian Socialists -- The Socialist Party of America -- Socialism and the Workers -- War and Revolution.
The course of American socialism : a synoptic view -- Religious communitarians. The Shakers. A summary view of the Millenial Church or United Society of Believers (1848) / Calvin Green and Seth Y. Wells ; "Four months among the Shakers" (1842-1843) -- The Perfectionists. Bible communism (1848) S / John Humphrey Noyes -- The secular communitarians. The Owenites. An essay on common wealth (1822) / Cornelius C. Blatchly ; First discourse on a new system of society (1825) / Robert Owen ; Statement on Nashoba (1826) / Frances Wright ; Observations on the sources and effects of unequal wealth (1827) / Langdon Byllesby ; The rights of man to property! (1829) / Thomas Skidmore -- The Associationists. A concise exposition of the doctrine of Associationism (1843) / Albert Brisbane ; Association discussed (1847) / Horace Greeley versus Henry Raymond ; The harbinger (Brook Farm, 1845) ; "Visit to the North American phalanx" (1851) / A. I. Macdonald -- The Icarians. The history of the Colony or Republic of Icaria in the United States of America (1855) / Etienne Cabet -- The Germans. Declaration of principles and platform (1872) / American Confederation of the International Workingmen's Association ; Socialism and the worker (1876) / Friedrich A. Sorge ; Manifesto of the International Working People's Association (1883) ; The beast of property (1884) / Johann Most ; Speeches at the Chicago anarchist trial (1886). Speech by August Spies ; Speech by Michael Schwab ; Speech by Albert R. Parsons ; Socialism and anarchism (1886) / Alexander Jonas ; Henry George versus Serge Schevitch, Single tax versus socialism (1887). Mr. Schevitch's argument ; Henry George's reply ; Mr. Schevitch's rejoinder ; Henry George concludes the debate ; Reform or revolution (1896) / Daniel DeLeon -- The new apostles . The cooperative commonwealth (1884) / Laurence Cronlund ; Equality (1897) / Edward Bellamy ; "Looking forward" (1889) / Edward Bellamy ; A traveler from Altruria (1894) / William Dean Howells -- Christian Socialists. Declaration of principles of the Christian Socialist Movement (1889) ; "What to do now" (1890) / W. D. P. Bliss ; "The Christian commonwealth" (1898) ; The new redemption (1893) / George Herron ; "Why I am a socialist" (1900) / George Herron -- The Socialist Party of America. Socialist Party Platform of 1912 ; Speech at Indianapolis (1904) / Eugene V. Debs ; "The next step : a benevolent feudalism" (1902) / William James Ghent ; "What life means to me" / Jack London ; The industrial republic (1907) / Upton Sinclair ; Socialism in theory and practice (1909) / Morris Hillquit ; The larger aspect of socialism (1913) / William English Walling. Socialism and the workers. Manifesto on organizing the Industrial Workers of the World (1905) ; "Revolutionary unionism" (1905) / Eugene V. Debs ; Double edge of labor's sword (1914) / Hillquit versus Gompers ; "Socialism, the hope of the working class" (1912) / William D. Haywood -- War and revolution. St. Louis Manifesto of the Socialist Party (1917) ; Speech to the court (1918) / Eugene V. Debs ; Revolutionary socialism (1918) / Louis C. Fraina ; Manifesto of the Left Wing Section of Greater New York (1919) ; "Socialist task and outlook" (1919) / Morris Hillquit.
Genre Sources.
Geographic Area United States
Network Numbers (OCoLC)68260
(OCoLC)ocm00068260
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Fried, Albert,
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