Inner speech and thought [by] A.N. Sokolov. Translated by George T. Onischenko. Translation edited by Donald B. Lindsley.
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Vnutrenni︠a︡i︠a︡ rechʹ i myshlenie. English
In zichzelf spreken.
Thought and thinking.
Monographs in psychology.
ix, 283 pages illustrations 24 cm.
Translation of Vnutrenni︠a︡i︠a︡ rechʹ i myshlenie.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 265-275).
I. General problems of study : 1. Theories of the interrelation of speech and thought -- 2. The problem of inner speech in psychology : Early investigations of inner speech ; Discussion of inner-speech in Soviet psychology ; Verbal interference methods in the study of inner speech ; Detecting concealed speech reactions by conditioned-reflex methods ; Conditioned reflexes to numbers ; Clinical observations ; Interrelation of internal and external speech and their intermediate forms -- 3. Generalization and reduction in speech during the emergence of mental acts : Generalized associations and abbreviated inferences ; Reduction of the logical algorithm in the solution of physics problems with formalization of mental activities ; Verbal generalizations and verbal semantic complexes in translation from foreign languages.
II. Effect of articulatory interference on mental activity : 4. Impairment of the auditory perception and understanding of speech by articulatory interference : Experimental approach to study of the functions of inner speech ; Negative effect of articulatory interference on the understanding and memorization of speech heard ; Appearance of fragmentary inner speech with automatization of speech movements and during micropauses in articulatory interference ; Insufficiency of fragmentary inner speech for an understanding of difficult texts -- the need for unfolded articulation of words ; Inner speech as a mechanism of semantic grouping -- 5. Comparative effect of various articulatory conditions on the processes of perception: memorization: and thought : Testing the effect of verbal and nonverbal motor induction ; The scope and accuracy of visual perception under various conditions of articulation ; Memorization and reproduction of drawings and words under various conditions of articulation ; Solution of arithmetical problems under various conditions of articulation ; Translation of texts from foreign languages under various conditions of articulation ; Principal conclusions from the speech interference experiments.
III. Electromyographic studies of inner speech : 6. Electromyographic study of inner speech and an overview of electromyograms revealing concealed articulation : Electrical activity of the speech musculature as an objective indicator of hidden speech processes ; Micromovements of the tongue in inner speech ; Methods of recording action potentials of speech musculature ; General characteristics of the electrical activity of speech musculature with vocalized and silent articulation of words ; Electromyograms of concealed articulation during "mental arithmetic" ; Electromyograms of concealed articulation while reading to oneself and listening to speech ; Electromyograms of concealed articulation during mental reproduction and recollection of verbal material ; Electromyograms of concealed articulation during manipulation of graphic-visual material ; Principal conclusions from preliminary experiments -- 7. Integrated electrical activity of speech musculature as an indicator of verbal thought process : Method of recording and measuring the integrated electrical activity of the speech musculature ; Measurement of the integrated electrical activity of the speech musculature during mental arithmetic ; Measurement of the integrated electrical activity of the speech musculature during silent reading of texts -- 8. The electrical activity of the speech musculature in concrete thinking : Issues and methods of the electromyographic investigation of concrete thinking ; Dynamics of the integrated electrical activity of the speech musculature during the solution of raven's matrix problems ; Instances of solution of matrix problems without discernible motor speech excitation ; Relationship between speech musculature tension and other physiological indices (GSR and EEG) ; Analysis of the subjects' verbal reports and general discussion of the problem of concrete thinking ; Principal conclusions from the physiological experiments with matrix problems -- 9. motor speech afferentation and the cerebral mechanisms of thought : Dynamic localization of speech functions ; Penfield's concept of the functional anatomy of speech and its shortcomings ; The neurophysiological mechanisms of motor speech afferentation ; Tonic and phasic electrical activity of the speech musculature in the process of intellectual activity.
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