Positivist thought in France during the Second Empire, 1852-1870.

Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1959.

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George Washington
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Subjects Filosofía francesa.
Philosophy, French -- 19th century.
Philosophy, French.
Description 251 pages
Copyright Date 1959.
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 233-241).
Contents I. Introduction -- II. Positivism and second empire philosophy -- The definition of positivism -- The state of philosophy during the second empire -- III. From positivism to scientism (1) Auguste Comte -- Introduction -- Comte's positivism -- Comte's divergence from positivism (i) his treatment and application of the scientific methods -- Comte's divergence from positivism (ii) the transition from social science to social ethics -- Conclusion -- IV. Les vrais amis du positivisme (1) Emile Littre -- Littre and the defence of positivism -- Littre and Comte -- Littre's criticism of materialism, Renan, Berthelot, and Spencer -- Littre and Mill -- Littre and ethical standards -- V. Les vrais amis du positivisme (2) Claude Bernard's introduction A l'etude de la medecine experimentale -- Bernard's positivism -- Bernard's notion of 'determinism' -- Bernard's attitude to scientism and metaphysics -- VI. From positivism to scientism (2) Ernest Renan -- Introduction -- Renan's theory of knowledge ; His rejection of metaphysics and the supernatural ; 'Science' and 'philosophy' ; His conception of philologie ; The methods of philologie -- The religion of science (i) Renan's attitude to religion -- The religion of science (ii) Renan's conception of God ; Previous theories of progress and Renan's relation to them ; Evolution and God -- The religion of science (iii) Renan's ethical ideas -- The religion of science (iv) His 'creed' and 'religious practices' -- Renan's final scepticism -- Conclusion
VII. From positivism to scientism (3) Hippolyte Taine -- Introduction ; Unity and duality in Taine's work ; The search for certainty and completeness ; The fusion of English positivism and German idealism -- Taine's positivism ; His theory of knowledge ; The method of abstraction -- Taine's 'scientific metaphysics' -- Taine's idealism -- The fusion of positivism and idealism -- Taine's views on religion, metaphysics, and ethics -- Conclusion -- VIII. Positivism and the Parnassians (1) 'Un poete positiviste' -- Louise Ackermann -- Positivism and the Parnassians -- 'La Sapho de Patheisme' ; The growth of unbelief ; The sources of unbelief -- Louise Ackermann and pantheism -- Louise Ackermann as a positivist -- The humanism of Louise Ackermann -- IX. Positivism and the Parnassians (2) the philosophy of Sully Prudhomme -- Introduction -- Sully Prudhomme as a positivist -- Sully Prudhomme's metaphysical search -- 'The conflict of head and heart' ; Supply Prudhomme and Pascal ; The problem of the existence of God ; The problem of free will ; THe problem of personal immortality ; Summary -- Sully Prudhomme and ethics -- X. Conclusion.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)370528
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Charlton, D. G.
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