Women in Muslim rural society : status and role in family and community / by Joseph Ginat.
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Social Work Library
Femmes -- Israël.
Palestinian Arabs -- Israel.
Palestiniennes -- Israël.
Women -- Israel.
Monograph series (Mekhon Shiloaḥ le-ḥeḳer ha-Mizraḥ ha-tikhon ṿe-Afriḳah)
xx, 268 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 249-261) and index.
"This study reassesses several accepted truths about Arab village society. It shows first that one cannot speak about the position of women in general, because there is a great difference among women depending on the structure of their households and relationships. Women whose work contributes to the family's income, who have been able to acquire property, who exert control over their sons, and who have the quickness of mind to exploit suitable opportunities, often have their way in the economic and political affairs of their households and beyond. Ginat's analysis of marriage patterns dispels the common notion that men customarily seek the hand of their father's brother's daughter, and that this type of marriage illustrates a principle of endogamy in Arab village society. After carefully examining the numerous reasons for each marriage, he concludes that a combination of material and political considerations of the families involved, and not stated norms, determines the choice of spouses. The author clarifies the notion of honor, which hitherto has been used to explain so many things in Arab society. In Arab societies a man's honor often seems to depend on the reputation of his women. Now it appears that his honor is gauged not by the actual sexual comportment of women for whom he is morally responsible, but by public attitudes towards that sexuality. Ginat's analysis adds to our understanding of some central themes in Arab society. He provides valuable and complete information about aspects of family life that have rarely been covered in such detail."--Publisher description.
Foreword -- Preface -- 1. General features of the hamlets. The villages ; Choices of research location ; Research methods ; Ecology of the hamlets ; Public buildings and shops ; Private homes and courtyards ; Personal clothing -- 2. Historical background and environment. Establishment of offshoots ; Different types of dwelling ; Situation after Rhodes Agreement ; Land ownership ; Housing projects and new buildings ; Local government and institutions ; Education ; Transportation and communications ; Contacts between hamlets -- 3. Economic structure. Occupation ; Histadrut membership ; Land leases ; Distribution of irrigation water ; Water cooperatives ; Livestock ; Occupational changes and attitude to village -- 4. Marriage patterns. Alleged right to marry FBD ; Explanations for alleged FBD preference ; Proposed evaluation of marriage patterns ; The model ; Marriage patterns in the hamlet ; Sub-period 1918-30 ; Sub-period 1931-48 ; Sub-period 1949-56 ; Sub-period 1957-June 1967 ; Sub-period July 1967-Sept. 1974 ; Exchange marriages : Badal ; FBD marriages : fact versus ideology l Descent and Hamūla membership ; Planned marriages ; Further discussion of Badal ; Endogamy reconsidered ; Summing up of method, model and marriage -- 5. Woman's status and role. Woman's power ; Ideology versus woman's own views ; Average size of family ; Freedom of movement ; Changes in woman's status ; Woman's involvement in decision-making ; Selection of marriage partners ; Woman as property owner ; Family honor and shame ; Relationships within the family ; Women as conveyors of information ; Importance of gossip ; Roles in circumcision ceremonies ; Woman's place in the political structure ; Woman's definition of her role and status -- Epilogue -- Appendixes. A : Informant questionnaire ; B : Supplementary agricultural data ; C : Kinship charts ; D : Supplementary studies in marriage pattern analysis.
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|WorldCat Identities||Ginat, J.
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