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Ethiopia : empire in revolution / by Marina and David Ottaway.

; Ottaway, David, author ; Thomas Leiper Kane Collection (Library of Congress. Hebraic Section)
New York : Africana Pub. Company, 1978.
ISBN 084190362X, 0841903638

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Other Authors Ottaway, David,
Thomas Leiper Kane Collection (Library of Congress. Hebraic Section)
Subjects Äthiopien.
Ethiopia -- Politics and government -- 1974-1991.
Ethiopia.
Éthiopie -- Politique et gouvernement -- 1974-
Éthiopie -- Politique et gouvernement.
Politics and government
Revoluties.
Description vi, 250 pages, [3] leaves of plates : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Copyright Date 1978.
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 191-210) and index.
Summary The Ethiopian revolution is considered the first great revolution to take place in black Africa. The momentum for social and political change, which had been steadily increasing in the last years of Haile Selassie's rule, gathered unexpected speed as a series of military protests broke out in early 1974 and suddenly erupted into a national groundswell of revolt. Joined by students, workers, bureaucrats, teachers and other discontented forces in Addis Ababa, the capital city, the military forced the government to concede to demand after another. Though cabinets were changed, salaries raised and political reforms promised (though never really delivered), the aged and now feeble emperor proved unable to respond effectively to the situation. He was deposed in September, and the ancien regime collapsed. Marina and David Ottaway, correspondents for the Washington Post, lived through the revolutionary events in Ethiopia until their expulsion by the Provisional Military Government in mid-1977. Their contacts with government and military circles in Addis and their travels throughout the countryside to investigate provincial conditions gave them an unusual and particularly valuable vantage point from which to observe these developments. They carefully chronicle the unfolding of events, both among discontented troops and the urban citizenry in Addis. They trace the evolution of the government's socialist ideology, the harsh application of nationalization decrees and sweeping social and economic reforms, and the resistance the government encountered from obstinate minority and corporate groups. As the revolution continued, revolts erupted on the right, among feudal remnants, and on the left, among political idealists. As the empire was rocked by ideological concerns, the country's major ethnic groups - Gallas, Somalis, Afars, Tigreans and not the least, Eritreans, whose war of liberation began in 1962 - strengthened their separatist drives against the government in Addis Ababa. Social tensions in the countryside, where secondary and university students were sent to instruct the peasantry in the ways of socialism, and in the cities, where political organizations of bewildering ideological strains engaged in bitter factional disputes and assissinations, persuaded many observers to believe the revolution would consume itself. The Ottoways provide rich details on these fascinating events and give clues to the survival of the first "great revolution" in black Africa. -- from dust cover.
Contents Sketch of a revolution -- Class and ethnicity in Ethiopia -- The spring of discontent -- From barrack revolt to revolution -- Ethiopian socialism -- Feudal reaction and ethnic revolts -- The "leftist" opposition -- The attempt to break the impasse -- The Derg -- External influences and internal wars -- The new Ethiopia.
Geographic Area Ethiopia
Network Numbers (OCoLC)3609360
(OCoLC)ocm03609360
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Ottaway, Marina.
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