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The volunteer subject [by] Robert Rosenthal [and] Ralph L. Rosnow.

; Rosnow, Ralph L., author
New York, Wiley [1975] .
ISBN 0471736708

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Other Authors Rosnow, Ralph L.,
Subjects Experimentele psychologie.
Expérimentation humaine en psychologie.
Human Experimentation.
Human experimentation in psychology.
Plan d'expérience.
Psicologia Experimental.
Psychology, Experimental.
Volunteers -- Psychology.
Series Wiley series on personality processes.
Description xiv, 266 pages 23 cm.
Copyright Date [1975]
Notes "A Wiley-Interscience publication."
Includes bibliographical references (pages 207-247).
Contents 1. Volunteer bias -- The reliability of volunteering -- 2. Characteristics of the volunteer subject -- Assessing the nonvolunteer -- Sex -- Birth order -- Sociability -- Extraversion -- Self-disclosure -- Altruism -- Achievement need -- Approval need -- Conformity -- Authoritarianism -- Conventionality -- Arousal-seeking -- Anxiety -- Psychopathology -- Intelligence -- Education -- Social class -- Age -- Marital status -- Religion -- Size of town of origin -- Summary of volunteer characteristics -- 3. Situational determinants of volunteering -- Material incentives -- Aversive tasks -- Guilt, happiness, and competence -- Normative expectations -- Public versus private commitment -- Prior acquaintanceship -- Recruiter characteristics -- Task importance -- Subject interest -- Organizational and interpersonal bonds -- Expectation of favorable evaluation -- Summary of situational determinants of volunteering -- Suggestions for the reduction o volunteer bias -- 4. Implications for the interpretation of research findings -- An ethical dilemma -- The threat to robustness -- Motivational differences and representativeness -- The threat to the validity of inferred causality -- 5. Empirical research on voluntarism as an artifact -- Independent variable -- Exploratory research -- Type-I and Type-II error outcomes -- The "good subject" in verbal-conditioning research -- When compliance shifts to self-defense -- Role expectations of volunteers and nonvolunteers -- Summary of the research findings and conclusions -- 6. An integrative overview -- The artifact-influence model -- Steps in the artifact-influence process -- Inferential validity as an assessment criterion -- Representative research design -- 7. Summary -- Reliability of volunteering -- Assessing the nonvolunteer -- Volunteer characteristics -- Situational determinants -- Suggestions for reducing volunteer bias -- An ethical dilemma -- Robustness of research findings -- The artifact problem -- Motivational elements -- An artifact-influence model.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)1031210
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Rosenthal, Robert, 1933-
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