A philosophy of science for personality theory [by] Joseph F. Rychlak.

Boston, Houghton Mifflin [1968] .

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Subjects Filosofía de la ciencia.
Psychology -- Methodology.
Psychology -- Philosophy.
Description xix, 508 pages 22 cm
Copyright Date [1968]
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 475-490).
Contents 1. A philosophy of science for personality theory : The science of psychology ; Why a philosophy of science for personality theory? ; The plan of the book ; Biases and book writers
10. The role of dialectic in Freudian and Jungian psychoanalytical theory : Introduction ; Sigmund Freud and the dialectic : Freud's dialectic bias generally recognized ; Psychic energies: Mayer, Helmholtz, Brucke, and the constancy principle ; Mental contents: Charcot, Janet, Breuer, and antithetical ideas. The sources of Freud's dialectic : Method of psycho-analysis and the introspective theoretical perspective ; Freud's Jewish background ; Continental philosophy. Carl Gustav Jung and the dialectic ; The sources of Jung's dialectic : Introspection ; Literature ; Philosophy: a letter from Jung. The dialectic in twentieth-century social science ; Summary -- 11. The play of metaconstructs in in personality theory and the images of man : Dialectical vs. demonstrative metaconstructs : History, religion, language and man art and man ; Creative vs. computer intellect ; Emotional vs. intellectual factors in human behavior ; Natural laws vs. social laws in man's behavior ; The human image. Other major metaconstructs at play in personality theories : Antecedent-consequent, efficient cause, behavior, law, and drive ; Prototypes, formal causes, hierarchies, and symbols : Stereotypes vs. theorotypes. Growth, advancement, development, and final causes ; Purity and the questioning of premises or constructs ; Organismic, balance, well-roundedness, and the one in many ; Alienation, conflict, and the many in one ; Organismic-alienation cycle ; A plethora of metaconstructs? ; Summary -- 12. Career and professional problems of psychology as a science of man : Introduction: Issues which divide ; Clinical psychology and its contradictions : The profession of clinical psychology ; A modern rephrasing of the historical bifurcation ; Professional fission and the future of a useful science of man. Abnormal behavior and the healing professions : The psychiatric team and member motives ; Theories of disease, personality, and the changing conception of mental illness ; Ethico-religious interpretations of abnormal behavior. Adjustment problems of the clinician as applied psychologist : Test prediction and the intent of clinical instruments ; The clinical report and professional problems ; The uses and abuses of insight ; Dialectians into demonstrators and back again. Summary
Epilogue : 13. An orientation for the future : Introduction ; The personality student's frame of reference ; Theoretical terms and intellectual traditions ; Some philosophical implications ; Some reactions to the philosophy of science ; A final overview of our image of man -- References -- Name index -- Subject index.
Part 1. Basic issues in theory construction : 2. Fundamental dimensions of theoretical orientation : Abstraction ; Realism vs. idealism ; Objective vs. subjective ; Theoretical perspective: introspection vs. extraspection ; Formal vs. informal ; Summary -- 3. The multiple functions of theory in a review of classical terminology : Introduction: some important definitions ; A miniature theory of personality ; Descriptive function of theory : Explanation ; Reductionism and operational definition. Delimiting function of theory : Meaning ; Logical positivism. Generative function of theory : Heuristic, analogical, and metaphorical devices ; Models ; The proper locus of theory generation: "The S-R Bind" ; Intervening variables and hypothetical constructs. Integrative function of theory : Theoretical systematization, parsimony, and generalization ; Instructiveness of theory ; Monism vs. dualism ; Eclecticism ; Growth potential and basic postulate evaluation. Summary -- 4. Methods of evidence in arriving at knowledge : Introduction ; Two types of evidence : Procedural evidence ; Validating evidence. The interdependence of evidence ; Evidence in psychotherapy ; Meaning and the nature of knowledge ; Summary -- 5. The meaning of lawfulness and determinism in modern science : Introduction: the lawfulness construct : Lawfulness as a theoretical construct ; Lawfulness as a methodological construct ; The use of lawfulness constructs: induction vs. deduction ; S-S laws vs. R-R laws and methods of study in psychology. Scientific method : What is science? ; Control and prediction in physical science ; Control and prediction in the choice of theory. Determinism : The four types of causes: Aristotle vs. Bacon ; Chance, hard vs. soft determinism and Indeterminism ; Physical vs. psychic determinism. Summary -- 6. The enigmas of control and prediction for a science of man : Introduction : Usages of "control and prediction" : Theory of knowledge ; Language of description ; Means of social influence ; Control and prediction as an ethical position. Ethics and science : Ethical vs. statistical norms ; The criterion problem ; The goals of psychotherapy: intrinsic vs. instrumental values ; Experimental ethics. Probability and prediction : The meaning of probability : Clinical vs. experimental prediction ; Theoretical perspective and evidence in prediction. Summary
Part 2. Broader considerations in the study of man : 7. Psychotherapy, personality theory, and the proper study of human beings : Introduction ; The motives to psychotherapy : The scholarly motive ; The ethical motive ; The curative motive ; A confusion of motive. The parting of ways in psychotherapy and personality study : Personality theory in classical psycho-analysis and psychotherapy ; The transition to non-depth psychotherapy and the loss of personality studies ;Theoretical gulfs and proper personality constructs. Summary -- 8. Introspective and casual analysis in the study of man : Introduction ; The nature of introspection : Introspection as method ; Introspection as theoretical perspective ; Compatibility of theory and method: the line of development. Causes of behavior and the behavior of man : Efficient causation: the extraspectionist's hope ; Functional vs. compelling causes in the behavior of man ; Values and knowing vs. unknowing hedonism ; Some teleologies, hidden and otherwise ; Vehicular vs. discriminable theoretical constructs. Summary -- 9. Dialectical vs. demonstrative reasoning in the history of western thought : Meanings of dialectic in the history of western philosophical thought : Greek philosophy : Socrates ; Plato ; Aristotle. Medieval philosophy : St. Augustine ; St. Thomas Aquinas ; William of Ockham. British empiricism : Sir Francis Bacon ; Thomas Hobbes ; John Locke. The nineteenth century : Immanuel Kant ; Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ; Karl Marx. The twentieth century : Norbert Wiener ; Mortimer Adler. Some implications of the alternatives in reasoning for method, theory, and ethics : Implications for methods ; Implications for theory ; Implications for ethics. Summary
Network Numbers (OCoLC)423596
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WorldCat Identities Rychlak, Joseph F.
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