The dawn and twilight of Zoroastrianism.

[1st American ed.].. New York, Putnam [1961] .

Location Call Number Status Consortium Loan
George Washington
Gelman stacks
BL 1571 .Z3 1961 Available Request
LIB stacks
BL1571 .Z3 Available Request
Mullen Library stacks
BL1571.Z17 D2 Available Request
Lauinger Woodstock stacks
294.101 Z12 Available Request
Lauinger stacks
BL1571 .Z3 1961 Available Request
Lauinger stacks
BL1571 .Z3 1961 Available Request
Subjects Avesta.
Series Putnam history of religion.
Description 371 pages 24 cm.
Copyright Date [1961]
Notes Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Introduction -- The historical setting -- The Iranians -- The Medes -- The Persians and the First Persian Empire -- Maccedonian and Parthian Interregnum -- The Sassanian or Second Perian Empire -- The Parsees -- Sources and tradition -- The Avesta -- The inscriptions -- The Pahlavi books -- Difficulties and interpretation -- Part I: dawn -- 1. The prophet -- His place and date -- The economic and political background -- Truth and the lie -- The traditional religion -- Free will -- The two spirits -- Zoroaster and his god -- The bounteous immortals -- God and the two spirits -- The two spirits in the dead sea scrolls -- The holiness of God -- God, the sole Creator -- Post mortem judgment -- Heaven and Hell -- Influence on Judaism -- The "second existence" -- Summary of doctrine -- 2. The seven chapters -- Devine beings beside God -- The wives of Ahura Mazdah -- The old religion -- Ahura and Varuna -- Mithra -- The "persevers-creators': Ahura and Mithra -- The nature of Zoroaster's reform -- Prototype of the Holy Spirit -- Changed tone of the seven chapters -- Veneration of material things -- Minor prophets -- Haoma -- 3. The cultus -- The Yasna -- The Yashts -- The Videvdat -- The three forms of Zoroastrianism -- The fourfold confession of faith -- Ahuras and Daevas -- Zoroaster and animal sacrifice -- Sacrificial bull and Haoma rite -- Haoma, the drink of immortality of the Indo-Iranaians -- Haoma, as sacrifice and sacrament -- the Liturgy -- Origins of the cult -- Haoma, victim, priest, and god -- Sraosha -- Sraosha the mediator -- 4. Mithra -- The Yashts -- Iranian Mithra and Roman Mithras -- The Pre-Zoroastrain Mithra -- Mithra, compact and warlord -- Mithra and Indra -- The Daeva-worshippers and Mithra -- The separation of Mithra from Ahura -- Analysis of Mithra Yasht -- Mirthra as contract and king -- Mithra as terrible warlord -- Mithra as light -- Mithra, Sraosha, and Rashnu -- Mithra's heavenly house -- Mithra's plaint to the wise lord -- Mithra's descent to earth -- Haoma consecrates himself Mithra's priest -- Mithra initiated into the 'good religion' -- Ahura and Mithra reunited -- Mithra and the Holy Spirit -- The revised cult of Ahura and Mithra -- 5. Mithra-Yima-Mithras -- The Daevas and their worshippers -- The Daeva-worshippers and Mithra -- Roman Mithras and his immolation of the bull -- Yima and the bull-sacrifice -- Ahriman's slaughter of the bull -- Bull-sacrifice at the end of time -- Ahriman-Areimanios in the Mithraic mysteries -- The bull-sacrifice of man's first parents -- Yima again -- The Vedic Yama -- The Avestan Yima -- Yima's golden reign -- His subterranean paradise -- Yima and the sun -- Zoroaster and Yima -- Yima's "lie" -- Yima, Mithra's twin -- Noruz and Mihragan -- Yima the Prototype of Ahriman? -- Yima and Mithra in the Avesta -- Cautes and Cautopates in the Mithraic mysteries -- Conclusion -- 6. Fravashi-Vayu-Khwarenah -- Ahura Mazdah's Veneration of other deities -- The Fravashis -- Vayu -- Vayu and Zurvan -- The Khwarenah -- 7. Achaemenids and magi -- Primitive and "Caltholic" Zoroastrianism -- The god of Darius the great -- The "Zoroastrianism" of Darius -- The Daiva-Inscription of Xerxes -- Xerxes' "un-Zoroastrianism" of Darius -- Artaxerxes II and III -- The Magi -- Zoroaster and the Magi -- Magavan -- Popular religion in Western Iran -- Zoroastrianism and the popular cults -- The religion described by Strabo -- decline and fall of "Catholic" Zoroastrianism
Part II: twilight -- 8. In search of an orthodoxy -- Revival of Zoroastrianism by the Sassanians -- In search of an orthodoxy -- Three sects -- The "mazdean" dualists -- The "monotheists" -- The Zurvanites -- Zurvanism predominant in the third century AD -- The eclecticism of Shapur I -- The high priest Karter and the "Zandiks" -- Aturpat and the "Fatalists" -- The Zurvanism of Yezdigird II and his grand Vizier -- The synthesis of Khusraw I -- Study of Indian and Greek works -- The second decline and final fall of Zoroastrianism -- 9. The varieties of Zurvanism -- the Pahlavi books -- Priestly brothers: Manushchihr and Zatspram -- The influx of Greek and Indian ideas -- The "Zandiks" and "Dahris" -- "Classical" and materialist Zurvanism -- The Zandik ontology and metaphysics -- Menok and Geteh -- Creative evolution -- The dualist interpretation of evolution -- A Zurvanite view of evolution -- The three types of Zurvanism -- Zurvanite fatalism -- "Classical" Zurvanism -- The Zurvanite myth -- Zurvan and the pact between Ohrmazd and Ahriman -- 10. Classical Zurvanism -- Zurvan, the one and the many -- Zurvan'd doubt -- Ohrmazd and Ahriman in Mythological Zurvanism -- Main differences between Zurvanism and Orthodoxy -- Aberrant versions of the Zurvanite myth -- The sect of Gayomart -- The four elements and their prototypes -- Infinite and finite -- Emergence of the finite from the infinite -- The emergence of consciousness and the Genesis of evil -- The changelessness of created being -- Az, the weapon of concupiscence -- The "endless form" or Macrocosm -- The Zurvanite and the Manichean Az -- Az, a borrowing from Buddhism? -- Essential "Zoroastrianism" of classical Zurvanism -- The gender of sex of Az -- The wickedness of the female -- The defection of woman to Ahriman -- The defilement of man by women -- 11. Zurvan -- The sevenfold Zurvan -- Macrocosm and Microcosm -- Zurvan, the god of fate -- The god of death -- The god of the resurrection -- The fatalism of Firdausi's epic -- The orthodox attitude to fate -- Man's response to fate -- Orthodoxy's reaction to the three types of Zurvanism -- 12. Ohrmazd and Ahriman -- The orthodox cosmogony -- finite and infinite in the orthodox account -- The nature of god -- The first creation -- Ahriman's reaction -- The weapon of Ohrmazd and Ahriman -- The limiting of time -- The perdurance of Ohrmazd's creation -- Ohrmazd's instrument, the endless form -- Ahriman's instrument, concupiscence -- Zurvanite origin of these "instruments" -- Creation of truth and falsehood -- Ohrmazd's offer of peace -- Ahriman laid low -- Creation of the bounteous immortals and their demonic counterparts -- The material creation -- The Heavenly sphere of Macrocosm -- A variation derived from India -- Man the microcosm -- Man's fravashis consent to descend to earth -- Ahriman's revival and assault against the material world -- The fall of man -- 13. Man -- Ahriman imprisoned in the material world -- The re-creation of plant and animal life and of man: man's second fall -- soul and body -- body, vital spirit, soul, image, and external soul -- The Gravashi or external soul -- Essential goodness of man -- The soul's free will -- soul and reason -- Relationship of soul to body -- Concupiscence, the enemy of soul and body alike -- The interconnexion of bodily health and virtue -- Primacy of spirit over matter -- Moderation in all things -- Self-love the foundation of all love -- The solidarity of mankind -- The indwelling of the good mind -- Contemplation and action -- 14. The religion and the king -- The interconnexion of the Zoroastrian religion and the Sassanian Empire -- The doctrine of the mean -- The mean as cosmic principle -- The mean as the treaty between Ohrmazd and Ahriman -- The mean, the essence of reason -- Virtue, the mean between contrary vices -- Wisdom or reason in man and God -- Wisdom as creative principle -- Ahriman's lack of wisdom and reason -- Concupiscence, the misuse of reason and desire -- Man's Khwarr (Khwarenha) and concupiscence -- The good religion in essence and manifestation -- Religion and royalty -- The function of royalty -- Royalty the material complement of the good religion -- The virtues of kings -- Royalty the bond between god and man -- 15. The end -- The soul's fate at death -- The nature of the discarnate soul -- Heaven -- Hell -- The Frashkart or final rehabilitation -- Ohrmazd's master-plan for the overthrow of evil -- The three phases of Ohrmazd's plan -- The beginning of the end -- The destruction of Az and Ahriman (Zurvanite version) -- The meaning of Ahriman's destruction -- The disintegration of evil (Orthodox version) -- The resurrection of the body -- The role of Saoshyans and the final bull-sacrifice -- Purgation by molten metal -- The "final body" and renewal of all things -- The marriage of matter and spirit.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)378091
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Zaehner, R. C. 1913-1974.
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