Black song : the forge and the flame; the story of how the Afro-American spiritual was hammered out / John Lovell, Jr.

New York : Macmillan, [1972] .

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George Washington
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Van Ness stacks
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WRLC Shared Collections Facility
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Subjects African Americans -- Music -- History and criticism.
African Americans -- Music.
Folk music -- United States -- History and criticism.
Folk music.
Folk songs, English -- United States -- History and criticism.
Folk songs, English.
Spirituals (Songs)
Spirituals (Songs) -- History and criticism.
United States.
Description xviii, 686 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Copyright Date [1972]
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 587-635).
In honor of Randye LaVon Jones, Unit Manager, Database Maintenance and Physical Processing, Collections Management Services, 1999-2005. DGW LOCAL
Contents Heav'n :The natural goal, end, and reward of the sanctified ; The place for the full expression of the people ; Up where Jesus lives ; The place of the union of friends and relatives ; Home ; The place for the good after judgment ; The place of salvation (free land) ; The new Jerusalem ; "There" ; Something to fight for ; The place of genuine and permanent rest ; God's capital, the place of His throne ; The place of endless Sundays (Sabbaths) ; The uncrowded place, the place for the resolving of differences, the place of the Lord's viewing station, the place of complete peace -- Literary characteristics in the body of spirituals -- The poetry of the spiritual and its relevancy for now -- III. The flame : Some preliminary considerations ; Earliest evidences of the spiritual ; Development of the spiritual as a world phenomenon : Development through touring choral groups ; Development through churches and other community congregations ; Development through musical artists : William F. Allen ; George Leonard White ; Roland Hayes ; Marian Anderson ; Paul Robeson ; Harry Thacker Burleigh ; Antonin Dvorak ; Frederick Delius ; Samuel Coleridge-Taylor ; R. Nathaniel Dett ; William Levi Dawson ; Hall Johnson ; J. Rosamund Johnson ; Clarence Cameron White ; Frederick J. Work, John Wesley Work II, and John W. Work III ; William Grant Still ; Mahalia Jackson ; Harry Belafonte ; Jester Hairston ; Leontyne Price ; Other artists and performers ; Other composers motivated by spirituals. Forms influenced by the spiritual : Adaptations ; Minstrel songs ; Jazz ; Blues ; Ragtime ; Country music ; Popular songs ; Neospirituals ; Ring-game songs ; Spiritual burlesques ; Swing ; Gospel songs ; Other spiritual adaptations ; Soul music. Development through publications : Collections and introductions ; Interpretations ; A jury of interpreters ; Special individual interpretations : Frederick Douglass ; Booker T. Washington ; Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson ;
I. The forge : Is there an Afro-American spiritual? -- What is song? -- What is folklore? : Folk music: definitions ; Applications of definitions to the so-called negro spiritual : As to religion ; As to music -- What are the number and range of the spirituals? -- How does imitation work in folk song and literature? -- How much of Africa? : Basic topics and procedure ; The African folk ; Music in the African tradition : Motive in African music ; Methods of musical expression ; Chief characteristics of African song ; Impact of African expression in music ; Use of mask and symbol in African music ; Other forms of African expression related to music ; Present cultivation of traditional arts in Africa ; African folk and African musical aptitude. African musical transfers to South America and the West Indies ; African musical transfers to the United States of America -- What part had religion in the spiritual tradition? -- How much of white America -- What about the camp meeting and black song? -- What about the blend of African and American elements? -- What are the chief arguments for white-to-Negro spirituals? -- Where is the preponderance of the evidence? -- The answer to the first big question is "yes" : Freedom as a passion in the Afro-American spiritual ; The slave sang of this earth
II. The slave sings free : Basic characteristics of a folk song : Nature of the folk community out of which a folk song grows ; Necessity and use of mask and symbol ; Quality and purpose of the song ; Character of the actual creators of the song ; Specific elements of literature in the song ; Relationship to dance and instrument -- The Afro-American spiritual as folk song : The Afro-American blend in the spiritual folk community : Youth and resiliency ; Sensitivity to surroundings ; Recognition of religious hypocrisy ; Recognition of legal hypocrisy ; Skills and talents ; Occupational singing ; Education ; The fugitive and insurrectionary spirit ; Religious attitude ; Summary of folk community. Necessity and use of mask and symbol ; The qualities and purposes of the spiritual ; The character of the spiritual's creators ; Basic elements as literature ; Relationship to dance and instrument -- The search for meanings in the spiritual -- Radical change in the existing order of things : Sense of change: evolutionary and revolutionary ; Deliverance through power and association with power ; Goals and coming great events -- The agencies and models of transformation : Objects as devices ; Occupations ; Biblical characters, places, and fulfillments ; The magical world of nature ; Personality change -- The methods of transformation : Sense of family and community ; Creative expression and education ; Development through character and right living ; Appreciation of things going wrong and of riddles in the world ; Prevailing attitudes : Jesus ; Satan ; Death and life ; Love and hate ; Heaven and hell ; War and peace ; Violence and nonviolence ; Patience ; Transitoriness -- Outcome of the poetic experience : A sense of well-being ; Fortitude ; Commitment to freedom and democracy ; Awareness of a just universe ; Determination to struggle, resist, and hold fast ;
W. E. B. Du Bois ; Mark Twain ; Carl Van Vechten ; H. L. Mencken ; James Weldon Johnson ; Alain Locke ; Sterling Brown ; Miles Mark Fisher ; Howard Thurman ; John A. and Alan Lomax ; LeRoi Jones. Poets and the spiritual ; Fiction writers and the spiritual ; Dramatists and the spiritual ; Motion pictures and the spiritual ; Radio and the spiritual ; Television and the spiritual ; Records and the spiritual. Civil rights expression and the spiritual ; The spiritual and other folk songs in America and elsewhere ; The spiritual and art ; The spiritual and the folk community ; The spiritual and the Catholics ; The spiritual and Jewish philosophy ; The Afro-American spiritual in foreign lands : Africa ; Australia ; Austria ; Belgium ; Canada ; Czechoslovakia ; Denmark ; England ; Finland ; France ; Germany ; Hungary ; India ; Ireland ; Italy ; iechtenstein ; The Netherlands ; Norway ; Poland ; Scotland ; Soviet Union ; Spain ; Sweden ; Switzerland ; Western hemisphere ; Yugoslavia -- The flame burns brightly.
Genre Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Geographic Area United States
Network Numbers (OCoLC)314142
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Lovell, John, 1907-1974.
Publication timeline, list of works, related names and subjects and other information


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