Ethical judgment; the use of science in ethics.

Glencoe, Ill., Free Press, 1955.

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George Washington
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BJ 37 .E25 Off-site
WRLC Shared Collections Facility
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Subjects Ethical relativism.
Description 348 pages 23 cm
Copyright Date 1955.
Notes Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Part 1. Ethical relativity: background and analysis : I. What is ethical relativity? : It all depends ; The threads in the fabric of ethical relativity ; Indeterminacy: The basic design -- II. Barriers and tools: conscience, moral law and reason : Conscience as pointer reading ; "The starry heavens above and the moral law within" the romance of reason ; Contents of reason in ethics -- III. Barriers and tools: the spectre of the stubborn man : Are ultimate premises arbitrary? ; The "unbridgeable chasm" between fact and value ; Ultimate commitment and the causal principle ; Language as servant, not master ; Towards the scientific study of ultimate disagreement -- IV. The nature and sources of indeterminacy : Why seek to diminish indeterminacy? ; Structure and sources of indeterminacy ; Towards coping with indeterminacy
Part 2. What the human sciences can offer : V. Biological perspectives : Attempts to derive moral patterns from biology ; The "naturalization" of moral phenomena ; The value of life ; Evaluation of pleasure and pain ; Bases for evaluating biological drives ; Evaluation of health and frustration ; The functional hypothesis ; Group orientation within the biological perspective ; How far can the biological perspective reduce indeterminacy in ethical judgment? -- VI. Psychological perspectives : Consciousness and values ; The role of fundamental needs ; Psychological evaluation of egoism ; Impact of a theory of personality development ; Growth of psychological criteria for normative concepts ; Psychological evaluation of "amorality" ; Psychological search for phenomenal invariants ; Limitations in the psychological treatment of ethics -- VII. Cultural and social perspectives : Cultural and social content of moral ideas ; The meaning of cultural relativity ; Critique of the theses of cultural relativity ; The search for invariant values ; Application of biological and psychological criteria ; Invariant tasks of every society ; Ethical role of sociological determinants and functions ; Is social science "neutral" on value questions? -- VIII. Historical perspectives : The telescopic view ; The struggle for power ; The growth of moral perfection ; Liberty as historical aspiration ; Development of material control over natural world ; Standards discoverable in historians' value criteria ; The microscopic view: the problem of specific relevance ; Is knowledge itself culturally and historically "relative"? ; Applications to historical knowledge
Part 3. Towards a common ethic : IX. The theory of the valuational base : Taking stock ; The concept of the valuational base ; Validation of the valuational base ; The valuational base in the evaluative process: illustration of a permanent instrumentality ; The valuational base in the evaluative process: illustration of a complex ideal ; The concept of a personal base ; Ethical theory itself moored to the valuational base ; Residual indeterminacy.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)290874
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Edel, Abraham, 1908-2007.
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