Culture and consciousness : perspectives in the social sciences / edited with introductions by Gloria B. Levitas.


New York, NY : G. Braziller, [1967] .

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HM 51 .L36 Off-site
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Subjects Anthropology, Cultural.
Anthropology.
Culture.
Filosofische aspecten.
Sociale wetenschappen.
Sociology.
Theorieèˆn.
Description xi, 340 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Copyright Date [1967]
Notes Includes bibliographical references.
Summary From the Blurb: "When, in 1830, Auguste Comte proclaimed the creation of the social sciences and gave the name 'sociology' to his basic science of human behavior, he optimistically looked forward to the day when application of scientific knowledge to social problems would cure the social ills that plagued mankind." In tracing the development of modern sociology and anthropology, Gloria Levitas shows that history has not proceeded according to Comte's plans, that the situation has become far more complex than Comte could have foreseen. Many of the problems which plagued Comte's world are still with us and we have managed to invent a few of our own. The triumphs of the natural sciences have increased social difficulties, while the very progress of the social sciences has accelerated the pace of social change and made the social future less predictable. Culture and consciousness traces the development of the social sciences from the time of Comte and explains the major themes and issues which have arisen in sociology and anthropology during the past 150 years. It is a work of tremendous scope. Beginning with the attempts to base the social sciences on the methodologies of the other sciences, it progresses toward the assertion of the uniqueness of this field and the search for an approach which would be appropriate to the social and cultural phenomena. In the concluding section, a group of writings by leading social scientists and anthropologists introduce the reader to the various positions and issues which are currently under discussion in the contemporary social sciences.
Contents Introduction -- Part 1: Society And Culture: Theories And Methods -- A: Approaches from the sciences -- Positive philosophy / Auguste Comte -- On the equilibrium of the social system / Vilfredo Pareto -- Social growth / Herbert Spencer -- Science of culture / E B Tylor -- Obsessive acts and religious practices / Sigmund Freud -- B: Sociocultural-a unique dimension -- Class struggle / Karl Marx -- General observations upon systems of relationship / Lewis Henry Morgan -- Social order and anomie / Emile Durkheim -- Dyad and the triad / Georg Simmel -- Superorganic / Alfred Kroeber -- On the concept of function in social science / A R Radcliffe-Brown -- Science of culture / Leslie A White -- Part 2: Human Center -- Society and the individual / Charles Horton Cooley -- Language, an introduction to the study of speech / Edward Sapir -- Subjective meaning in the social situation / Max Weber -- Epistemological consequences of the sociology of knowledge / Karl Mannheim -- Refuges of the social sciences / Robert MacIver -- Are the social sciences really inferior? / Fritz J Machlup -- Part 3: Contemporary Perspectives In The Social Sciences -- Postulates of science and their implications for sociology / George Lundberg -- Concept and method of cultural of cultural ecology / Julian Steward -- Puzzles, games and social interaction / Omar K Moore and Alan R Anderson -- Morals and weapons / Konrad Lorenz -- Anthropological implications of Sickle Cell gene distribution in West Africa / Frank B Livingstone -- Social structure and the development of personality: Freud's contribution to the integration of psychology and sociology / Talcott Parsons -- Religious systems as culturally constituted defense mechanisms / Melford E Spiro -- Hanunoo color categories / Harold C Conklin -- Community issues and their outcome: how to lose a fluoridation referendum / William A Gamson -- Particular task of anthropology / Claude Levi-Strauss -- Philosophical anthropology and world law / F S C Northrop -- Upright posture / Erwin W Straus -- Index.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)254458
(OCoLC)ocm00254458
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Levitas, Gloria B.,
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