Developments in mathematical psychology; information, learning, and tracking. A study of the Behavioral Models Project, Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University. With contributions by R. Duncan Luce, Robert R. Bush [and] J.C.R. Licklider.


Glencoe, Ill., Free Press [1960] .

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Subjects Comportement humain -- Modèles mathématiques.
Human behavior -- Mathematical models.
Mathematische psychologie.
Description 294 pages illustrations 26 cm
Copyright Date [1960]
Notes Includes bibliographical references.
Contents I. The theory of selective information and some of its behavioral applications / R. Duncan Luce : Section I. The discrete theory : 1. Introduction -- 2. General concepts : Communication systems ; Noiseless systems ; The bit -- a unit of information transmitted -- 3. The discrete noiseless system : Channel capacity ; A special case of channel capacity ; The discrete source ; A measure of information transmitted for independent selections ; Properties of H ; Non-independent selections ; The fundamental theorem of a noiseless system -- 4. The discrete noisy system : Equivocation and channel capacity ; Theorems ; Channel capacity of a noisy system: independent selections -- 5. Some aspects of discrete theory related to applications : Inverse probabilities, Bayes theorem, Contingency tables ; Multivariate theory ; Statistical tests and estimations of entropy -- Section II. Applications of behavioral problems : 6. Introduction -- 7. The entropy of printed and spoken language : N-grams of printed English ; N-grams of spoken language ; Estimates based on partial deletion of messages ; Shannon's upper and lower bounds ; The coefficient of constraint ; Distribution of words to estimate letter entropy ; The role of redundancy -- 8. Distribution of words in a language -- 9. The capacity of the human being and rates of information transfer : Upper bounds ; Lower bounds: maximum observed rates of information transfer ; Other observed rates of information transfer -- 10. Reaction time and information transfer -- 11. Visual threshold and word frequencies -- 12. The information transmitted in absolute judgments -- 13. Sequential dependencies and immediate recall, operant conditioning, intelligibility, and perception : Immediate recall ; Operant conditioning ; Intelligibility ; Perception of statistical dependencies -- 14. Immediate recall of sets of independent selections -- 15. Concept formation -- 16. Paired associates learning
II. A survey of mathematical learning theory / Robert R. Bush : 1. Historical introduction -- 2. Acquisition : Reward training ; Partial reinforcement ; Rote learning ; Avoidance training ; Time and rate problems -- 3. Experimental extinction -- 4. Generalization : Stimulus generalization ; Response generalization -- 5. Discrimination : Single stimulus situation ; Two stimulus situations ; Concept attainment -- 6. Motivation : Primary drives ; Secondary drives (typology and determinants) ; Secondary drives (creation and maintenance) ; Motivational vs. Behavioral variables -- 7. Punishment : Escape and avoidance experiments ; Recovery from punishment ; Displacement ; 8. Interaction processes -- 9. Other problems
III. Quasi-linear operator models in the study of manual tracking / J.C.R. Licklider : 1. Introduction -- 2. Manual tracking : Compensatory and pursuit tracking ; Compensatory systems -- 3. Quasi-linear models : Linearity ; Quasi-linearity -- 4. Time-domain and frequency-domain representations : Differential equations ; Waveforms, impulse responses, and convolution integrals ; Spectra and frequency-response characteristics ; Laplace transforms and transfer functions ; Correlation functions and power spectra -- 5. Time-domain analysis with step waveforms : Phillips' analysis of aided tracking ; Vince's experiment ; Repetition of Vince's experiment ; Possible resolution of difference between Vince's and Ellson's results ; Variation in size of response ensemble as a possible explanation for the psychological refractory phase opening the loop ; The step response as a characteristic of the human operator -- 6. Frequency analysis with sinusoidal test signals : Ellson and Gray's experiment ; Noble, Fitts, and Warren's experiment ; Sinusoidal and step tests in relation to quasi-linearity ; Walston and Warren's study -- 7. Frequency analysis with signals consisting of superposed sinusoids : Synthetic target signals ; Tustin's experiments ; Raggazini's experiment ; Russell's experiments -- 8. Frequency analysis with random test signals : Krendel's experiments ; Walston and warren's tests with noise ; Elkind's first experiment ; Elkind's second experiment -- 9. The role of vision in tracking : Linearization of visual space ; Noise in visual perception ; Intermittency in the visual process ; Visual time lag and delay -- 10. The role of the motor system in tracking -- 11. The central process in tracking -- 12. Discontinuous and nonlinear functioning of the human operator : Intermittency ; North's approach through finite-difference equations -- 13. Conditional servo models : Conditional model for pursuit tracking ; Conditional model for compensatory tracking -- 14. Possibilities -- 15. Summary.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)189996
(OCoLC)ocm00189996
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Luce, R. Duncan
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