East West trade and United States policy.

; National Association of Manufacturers (U.S.)
New York, National Association of manufacturers [1966] .

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HF 1456 1966 .H33 Off-site
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WRLC Shared Collections Facility
HF 1456 1966 .H33 Off-site
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WRLC Shared Collections Facility
HF 1456 1966 .H33 Off-site
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Other Authors National Association of Manufacturers (U.S.)
Subjects Commerce Est-Ouest.
Commercial policy.
East-West trade.
EĢtats-Unis -- Politique commerciale.
United States -- Commercial policy.
United States.
Description 175 pages 24 cm
Copyright Date [1966]
Contents Part One -- Introduction: Basic Considerations -- The Background -- Why the Review? -- Role of the Foreign Relations Committee of the U.S. Senate -- Pro and Con Positions -- An Authoritative Voice for a New Policy -- The Requirement: To Promote the National Interest -- The Political Factor in Foreign Trade -- Primacy of Political Consideration Under Current Conditions -- The Problem of Using Foreign Trade as an Effective Instrument of Policy -- The Pitfalls -- Exaggerated Expectations Regarding the Capability of the U.S. to Alter Unilaterally the Present Situation -- Targeting on Allies -- Overemphasis on the "Military Capabilities" Issue -- Confusing Objectives -- The Main Target: The USSR -- Our Stated Purpose Toward the USSR: Struggle Until Freedom Prevails -- To Win Without War -- Soviet Dedication to the Destruction of the United States Continues Unbroken -- Soviet Hostility Toward the U.S. Inherent in the Soviet System -- Part Two -- The Point of Departure -- Trade Policy an Integral of Total U.S. Foreign Policy -- The Grand Strategic Design -- Policy Elements of the Grand Design -- Nature of the Trade Policy Element -- How the Trade Policy Element Fits in -- Symbolic Significance -- To Promote Dissidence Within the Bloc of Communist States -- To Alert and Safeguard Vulnerable Peoples -- Toward a More Effective Western Alliance -- No Rending Competition -- Direct Impact on the USSR -- Effectiveness of the Trade Policy Element -- Soviet Attitude Toward the U.S. Restrictive Policy -- Motivation of Soviet Campaign Against U.S. Policy -- The Economic Factor -- The Main Impact: Political and Psychological -- A Missing Link? -- Part Three -- Economic Stake of the U.S. in East-West Trade -- The Question of Economic Costs vs. Gains of Restrictive Policy -- Need for a New Balance Sheet? -- A Picture of Staggering Trade Opportunities -- A Case of Faulty Estimates and Ill-Founded Hopes -- Built-In Drags on Communist Trade with Noncommunist Countries -- Variations from the Standard Pattern -- Added Limitations Operable on Trade with the U.S. -- How Lifting U.S. Restrictions Would Affect the Outlook -- In General Terms -- Probable Specific Range of Trade under the New Conditions -- Singling out the Soviet Demand for U.S. Goods -- Obverse of the Demand Side: The Problem of Payments -- Regarding the Gold Possibility -- Regarding a Triangular Solution -- The Question of Credits -- Export Industries -- The Payments Problem and An Important Side Issue: Competing with the European Allies -- A Program of Subsidization? -- By Way of Dismissing the Economic Factor -- Part Four -- From the Soviet Standpoint: Soviet Theory and Practice in Foreign Trade -- For the Soviets: Foreign Trade an Ideal Instrument of Revolutionary Struggle -- Theory Translated into Action -- Basis for Confidence: Foreign Trade a Pliable Instrument of Policy -- How the Instrument is Used -- Basis for Confidence: Foreign markets and the "Laws" Governing Capitalism -- The Withdrawal of Markets from Capitalist Exploitation -- Readiness of Capitalists to be Taken -- Influencing Western Political Decisions -- Generating Frictions -- A Bit of Pertinent History -- Dreams of a Massive Postwar U.S.-Soviet Trade -- Soviet Food Dragging -- The Loan Request Puzzle -- Soviets Initiate "Trade Denial" -- Meaning of Soviet Theories and Practices for the U.S. -- Basic Implications -- Regarding to Specifics -- Part Five -- An Essential Background Factor: The Soviets and "Economic Competition Between Systems" -- Economic Competition and the World Struggle -- Varied and Interchangeable "Forms of Struggle" -- Economic Competition a Heavily Stressed Form of Struggle -- Dual Nature of Economic Competition -- Basic Goal: To Prove the Economic Superiority of the Soviet System -- Claims from the Past -- How the Contest Shapes Up -- How the USSR May Gain Advantage -- A Drive for Technological Preeminence? -- Inferiority Coupled with Confidence -- Meaning for the U.S. -- Economic Competition and the Developing Areas -- Elements of the Soviet Strategy -- "National Democracy": Key New Concept -- Soviet Operational Techniques and Goals -- Depth of Soviet Commitment to Trade-Aid Policy -- Meaning for the U.S. -- From "Economic Competition" in the Developing Countries to "Wars of Liberation" -- Why Focus on Wars of Liberation? -- Enmeshment of the USSR in a Chinese communist Design -- The Strategic use of Wars of Liberation -- where Chinese Strategy and Soviet Strategy Mesh -- An Enduring Factor in U.S.-Soviet Relations -- Part Six -- The Special Problem of the Non-Soviet Communist Countries -- The Case of the Non-Soviet Communist States of Eastern Europe -- Why and How We Treat the Different Communist Countries of Eastern Europe Differently -- Pro and Con Attitudes and Arguments -- The Problem of Economic Integration of the Soviet European Bloc -- The Case of Communist China -- Why a Trade Embargo? -- Policies of Other Western Countries -- Easing of U.S. Pressures on Friendly Governments -- Reorientation of China's Trade Toward the West -- Change in Purposes of Trade -- Incongruity of current Chinese Practices -- The Meaning for the U.S. -- The Sum of the Trade Issue in the Case of China -- A Note on Cuba -- The Overriding Considerations -- Concrete Results of the Embargo -- The Problem and Prospects for the Future -- Part Seven -- Groundwork for a Strategy -- The Basic Question: Should U.S. Policy Be Changed? -- The Case Against a Relaxation -- A Possible Alternative to the Present Policy: To Use Trade As A Positive Instrument of Cold War Policy -- Some Absolute Limitations on the U.S. -- A Special Factor To Be Taken Into Account: The Deepening Crisis in Soviet Affairs -- Nature and Extent of the Crisis -- Crisis and Conflict in the Communist Camp -- Growing Commitments and Declining Returns in the International Sphere -- On the Economic Front -- Popular Restlessness -- the Loss of Momentum -- The Search for a Way Out -- Twists and Turns of a Harassed Leadership -- The Great Obstacle: Inviolableness of the System -- Concentrations on a Bypass of Crisis Problems -- Striving for a Leapfrog -- Hopes and Frustrations Regarding an Easy Quick-Fix -- The Goal: Technological Preeminence Based Upon Capitalist Efficiency Harnessed to Socialist Purpose -- Implications for U.S. Strategy -- Role of U.S. Policies in the Growth of Crisis -- Trade With the U.S. as a Possible Factor in Soviet Recovery -- The Strategic Requirement on the U.S.: continued Use of Trade Policy in Induce Change in the Soviet System -- A Significant Trend on Which to Target? -- What Would be Required of the U.S.? -- How the U.S. Would Need to Proceed -- The Requirement for Caution -- What to Do and How Far to Go? -- What Should a New All-Embracing East-West Act Provide? -- What Sort of Trade Agreements? -- Part Eight -- A Summary Overview of the Problem: Including Some Operational Conclusions -- A Restatement of the Fourteen Most Important Points -- The Operational Conclusions that Follow.
Geographic Area United States
Network Numbers (OCoLC)187975
(OCoLC)ocm00187975
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Harvey, Mose L.
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