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A short history of comparative literature from the earliest times to the present day. Translated by M. Douglas Power.


Port Washington, N.Y., Kennikat Press [1970] .
ISBN 9780804613613, 0804613613

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Standard Title Histoire des littératures comparées. English
Subjects Comparative literature.
Literatur.
Literature -- History and criticism.
Literature.
Littérature comparée.
Description xii, 381 pages 22 cm
Copyright Date [1970]
Notes "First published in 1906."
Translation of Histoire des littératures comparées des origines au XXe siècle.
Contents I. Before history -- First traces of thought -- Egypt at the beginning of the ancient world -- Many nurseries of culture appear in the dust of Chaldea -- Co-existent civilisations of peoples and races along the Euphrates and Tigris -- Far from Asia Minor -- Among the inhabitants of the Celestial Empire -- On the lofty plateaus of Central America -- In the India of the Vedas -- II. The oldest testimonies of Indian genius -- Asia and Europe compared -- The development of religious and lyric poetry in Sanskrit literature -- The Vedas -- Historical times -- Migrations of the Aryans across the world -- Europe -- Establishment of the Greeks -- III. Greece before the Greeks -- Half-fabulous origins of the Hellenic civilisation -- Times of the minstrels -- The Homeric period -- The Iliad and the Rhapsodists -- IV. Outside Greece -- Voluntary ignorance of other countries as to its whereabouts -- Consecutive development of the intellectual centres in India, Persia, Judaea, and Etruria, et cetera -- Hellenism and "barbarianism" -- Growth and decline of a unique literature -- Displacement of Greek genius -- Pergamos and Alexandria -- Up to the year 540 before our era -- V. Before the Graeco-Latin fusion -- Beginning of their union -- Early Latin Poetry -- Ruin of Punic civilisation -- The time of Sylla -- The "age of Augustus" -- The entire work of civilisation -- Greatness and decline -- Renaissance of philosophical studies -- VI. The Silver Age of Latin literature -- Portrait of Trajan -- Rome at the height of her rule -- General view of the known world in the reign of Trajan -- Rapid decline -- The latest period of Greek and Roman literature -- Alexandria, the metropolis of the East -- The Alexandrian philosophers -- Parallel and rival development of Alexandrianism and Christianity -- Supreme effort of transformed paganism -- Julian -- The fourth century -- VII. Artistic decadence seems suspended -- Decadence hastened by the barbarian invasions -- Some wreckage -- Moral and social state of the peoples of Europe from the fifth to the eighth centuries -- Legends and folksongs of the Germans and Scandinavians -- Origin of the Eddas -- Debris of classical antiquity -- In the Eastern Empire a practical cessation of literary effort -- VIII. Charlemagne's Renaissance -- Striving towards civilisation -- Charlemagne, Alcuin, Rabanus Maurus -- Disorder at the end of the ninth and beginning of the tenth centuries -- The feudal world -- Ignorance once more overshadows Europe -- IX. Contrast between this general absence of culture and the brilliant state of learning in Asia -- Even in the extreme East -- China, Japan, the land of the Khmers, and Persia in the third century -- Arab learning form the eighth century onwards -- View of this civilisation -- Introduction of Arab books to the West -- X. The nationalities and languages of Europe are formed -- Dogma dominates the world -- Early struggles of popular and national poetry to be free of it -- Rise of the songs in praise of heroic action (chansons de geste) -- These unconsciously give place to sentimental tales of adventure and chivalry -- Cycle of the Round Table -- Its origins -- The tales of the Round Table exert extraordinary influence on the aesthetic ideas of rising European literatures and on the general outlook
XI. General aspect of the thirteenth century -- Essential unity of literatures in the initial stages -- Simultaneous development of letters and arts in France, England, Germany, and among the peoples of Southern Europe -- "Touveres" and "Troubadours" -- Anglo-Saxon minstrels -- German "Minne singers" -- Popular poetry shakes off the predominance of ecclesiasticism and feudal abuses -- XII. Birth-struggle of a new age -- Grave aspects of the fourteenth century -- Violent transformation of peoples and ideas -- Forerunners of the Reformation -- Wicliff -- John Huss -- Jerome of Prague -- Predominance of political and social facts over the uncertain movement of letters -- Fail of the Eastern Empire -- This catastrophe brings Greek literature from Constantinople to Italy -- Fall of Arab civilisation in Spain -- Relative sterility of the French genius -- The torch of civilisation passes into the hands of Italy -- The dawn of the Renaissance -- XIII. Social troubles abroad -- Wonderful expansion of arts and literature in Italy -- The revival of ancient learning -- Two great historical facts : the renaissance of letters and the reformation of religion -- The link uniting them -- Their parallel advance -- Luther, Erasmus, and Melancthon -- Distant re-echo of the Reformation in literature -- XIV. Violent party and doctrinal conflicts -- Calvin at Geneva -- John Knox and Presbyterianism in Scotland -- The social and religious counter-revolution -- Ignatius Loyola -- The Council of Trent -- Prodigious mental activity despite the numberless evils which crushed the nations of Europe and elsewhere -- A moment's consideration of the ruin of two exotic civilisations: Peru and Mexico -- Public calamities do not check the progress of letters in the Italy of Tasso and Aristo ; nor in the England of Shakespeare ; nor int he Spain of Cervantes ; nor in Portugal, the birthplace of Camoens ; nor even in Turkey, whose "golden age" it is -- Return to the development of French literature -- XV. Dawn of the great classical period -- Troublous times still -- Vagaries of slavish imitation of Italy and Spain -- Unsteadiness of purpose in literature -- "Concettism," "Cultish," pedantry -- Marinism, Gongorism, and Estilo Culto -- Reaction of good taste and common sense -- The seventeenth century at its zenith in France, in England -- State of society after the sombre days of Puritanism -- Complete reaction in favour of license at the Restoration ; striking outburst of the comic vein -- State of Italian culture -- Spain, Holland, and Germany -- After the Thirty Years' War -- Grave moral distress -- The Franco-German period -- Most European nations evince a similar love for imitation -- XVI. The actual commencement of the philosophic age somewhat vague -- Characteristic independence of literature may now be seen -- The French Encyclopedists -- Voltaire, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Diderot -- Interchange of ideas among the different nations and especially between England and France -- Literary supremacy of the latter till about 1789
XVII. The intellectual movement brings about social revolution in France -- Ten years of trouble -- The same period in England and Germany -- Germany becomes prominent in intellectual matters -- Wonderful development of thought in Germany -- Poets and philosophers -- This great intellectual activity succeeded by a period of lassitude and discouragement -- The melancholy of Werther ; the Weltschmerz or mal de siecle -- XVIII. The beginning of the Romantic movement, the effects of which influence the while of Europe -- In every realm of thought vast prospects are opened up -- Reorganisation of study -- The cultivation of the purely imaginative side -- Pure philosophy -- Romantic poetry -- Its transformations and different expression in France, England, Italy, Spain, Russia, Poland, Scandinavia -- XIX. Romanticism exhausted all the resources of imagination and fancy -- Reaction towards reality -- Other conditions of social and political life and of the moral code -- The Second Empire -- Realism in literature -- The various forms it assumed in Europe -- Naturalism in France ; its imitation in other countries -- New schools are founded -- XX. Great division among literary groups -- Neo-Hellenism in France and elsewhere -- Neo-Christianity and mystical parodies -- The Symbolist -- The cosmopolitan character of literature in general -- Its most recent expression in France, England, the United States, Spain and Italy -- New centres of culture -- Dawn of the twentieth century -- CONCLUSION -- 1. The first ideas which arise from the considerations of the history of so many literatures -- The uncertainty of various works and of their authors -- Literary wreckage -- The most palpable results of reviewing a wide field of work -- 2. Common characteristics of great intellectual movements -- Similarity between different epochs of literature -- 3. The common sources of inspiration and basis of the first and general ideas from which the human mind has drawn in all ages -- 4. The contribution of each nation to the general stock without any taking absolute pre-eminence -- 5-7. The right of precedence disputed among the various civilisations both ancient and modern ; in most instances not a lasting or exclusive privilege -- The growth and decline of literatures which were at one time predominant -- Their respective merits ; Their advantages and relative imperfections -- The Oriental imagination ; its charms and its illusions and relative imperfections -- Greek genius and its weaker side -- The French mind -- The Italian and Spanish mind -- German thought -- Anglo-Saxon talent -- The literary temperament of the Russian -- i-9. Interdependence of literatures ; their continual exchanges and mutual loans -- 10-11. Distinct in both origin and character, we see them blend in harmonious unity -- The concentration and narrowing of range of to-day -- The future of language and literature.
Genre Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)90566
(OCoLC)ocm00090566
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Loliée, Frédéric, 1856-1915.
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