Issues in science and religion [by] Ian G. Barbour.


Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall [1966] .

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Subjects Geloof en wetenschap.
Religion and science -- History.
Religion and science.
Wetenschappelijke technieken.
Description x, 470 pages 22 cm
Copyright Date [1966]
Notes Includes bibliographical references.
Contents -- XL. The status of mind -- Computers and minds -- The mind-body problem -- A "Two-aspect" theory -- L. Conclusions: on man and nature -- LI. The evolving universe -- Theories of creation in astronomy -- From matter to man -- Genes, mutations, and natural selection -- LII. Traditional theism and the doctrine of creation -- The origins of man (Roman Catholicism) -- The religious meaning of creation (neo-orthodoxy) -- Creation and evolution as unrelated languages -- Continuing creation -- LIII. Liberal theology and the argument from design -- Alleged inadequacies of evolutionary theory -- Design in the structure of the world -- LIV. Evolutionary theism and the Immanence of God -- Emergent evolution -- The "convergence" of evolution (Teilhard) -- Reactions to Teilhard -- LV. Evolutionary naturalism and the status of man -- The "evolutionary vision" -- Critiques of evolutionary ethics -- LVI. Conclusions: on continuing creation -- LVII. Classical views -- God as sovereign redeemer (Barth) -- God as primary cause (Neo-Thomism) -- God as controller of indeterminacies -- LVIII. Existentialist and linguistic views -- God in the sphere of selfhood (Bultmann) -- God in a distinctive dimension (Heim) -- God and man's attitude toward events -- LIX. Process views -- God as creative persuasion (Whitehead) -- God as sympathetic participant (Hartshorne) -- Discussion of process views -- LX. Conclusions: Toward a theology of nature.
I. The medieval world drama -- Methods in science: explanation by purposes -- Nature as a hierarchy of beings -- Methods in theology: reason and revelation -- God as the supreme good -- Man as center of the cosmic drama -- II. Galileo's "Two new sciences" -- Methods in science: Mathematics and observation -- Nature as particles in motion -- Methods in theology: Aristotle, Scripture, and nature -- God as first cause -- Man as demoted spectator -- III. The Newtonian world-machine -- Methods in science: experiment and theory -- Nature as a law-abiding machine -- Methods in theology: "natural theology" -- God as divine clock-maker -- IV. Contributions of religion to the rise of science -- Attitudes toward nature and the doctrine of creation -- The "protestant ethic" and the pursuit of science -- V. Summary -- VI. The Age of Reason -- Nature as a deterministic mechanism -- God as a debatable hypothesis -- Man as perfectible by reason -- VII. The Romantic Reaction -- Romanticism in literature -- Pietism and Methodism -- VIII. Philosophical responses -- Scientific empiricism and religious agnosticism (Hume) -- Science and religion as separate realms -- IX. Summary -- X. Darwin and natural selection -- Forerunners of Darwin -- Darwin's scientific work -- Nature as dynamic process -- XI. Theological issues in evolution -- God and nature: the challenge to deism -- Man and nature: the challenge to human dignity -- Methods in science: the challenge of evolutionary ethics -- Methods in theology: the challenge to scripture -- XII. Diverging currents in theology -- Traditionalist responses to evolution -- The modernist movement -- The rise of liberal theology -- Naturalistic philosophies of evolution -- XIII. Summary -- XIV. Contrasts of theology and science -- God's self-revelation versus Man's discovery ( neo-orthodox) -- Subjective involvement versus objective detachment (Existentialism) -- The variety of uses of language -- XV. The parallels of theology and science -- similar attitudes in science and religion (liberal theology) -- An inclusive metaphysical system (process philosophy) -- XVI. Derivations of theology from science -- Arguments from design and order -- Arguments from physics and biology -- XVII. Experience and interpretation in science -- The interaction of experiment and theory -- The formation of theories -- Criteria for evaluating theories -- Understanding as the goal of science -- XVIII. The scientific community and its language -- The scientific community and its paradigms -- The symbolic character of scientific language -- The use of analogies and models -- IXX. The relation of scientific concepts to reality -- theories as summaries of data (positivism) -- Theories as useful tools (Instrumentalism) -- Theories as mental structures (Idealism) -- Theories as representations of the world (Realism)
XX. Conclusions: on knowing in science -- XXI. Objectivity and personal involvement in science -- The influence of the observer on the data -- The personal judgment of the scientist -- Objectivity as intersubjective testability -- XXII. Objectivity and personal involvement in the social sciences -- Personal involvement in the study of man -- Subjectivity and objectivity in the Social sciences -- XXIII. Lawfulness and uniqueness in history -- The uniqueness of historical events -- The logic of historical explanations -- XXIV. Conclusions: on subject and object -- XXV. Experience and interpretation in religion -- Religious experience and theological interpretation -- The Christian experience of reconciliation -- The role of the religious community -- Analogies and models in religious language -- XXVI. Personal involvement and religious faith -- Personal participation and "ultimate concern" -- Biblical theology versus natural theology -- The interaction of faith and reason -- Religious commitment and reflective inquiry -- XXVII. Revelation and uniqueness -- Revelation and interpretation -- Revelation and human experience -- The problem of particularity -- XXVIII. Interim Conclusions -- XXIX. Verification and religious language -- Verification by sense-data ( Logical positivism) -- The diverse uses of language (Linguistic analysis) -- Cognitive and noncognitive functions in religion -- Theism and verifiability -- XXX. The evaluation of religious beliefs -- Criteria for evaluating religious beliefs -- Naturalistic interpretations of religion -- The limits of evaluation -- World- views and metaphysical systems -- XXXI. Conclusions: on methods in science and religion -- XXXII. The strange world of the atom -- The background of nineteenth-century physics -- The quantum theory -- The Heisenberg principle and the wave-particle dualism -- The principle of complementarity -- XXXIII. Implications of the new physics -- The downfall of naìˆve realism -- "Idealist" interpretations of physics -- The significance of coplementarity -- The whole and the parts -- XXXIV. Interpretations of indeterminacy -- Uncertainty as human ignorance (Einstein, Bohm) -- Uncertainty as experimental or conceptual limitations (Bohr) -- Uncertainty as indeterminacy in nature (Heisenberg) -- XXV. Indeterminacy and human freedom -- assertions of determinism -- Freedom as indeterminacy -- Freedom as an alternative language -- Freedom as act of the total person -- XXXVI. Conclusions: on implications of physics -- XXXVII. The physical basis of life -- The living and the nonliving -- DNA and the genetic code -- The physiology of the human brain -- XXXVIII. Emergence versus reduction -- Vitalism, mechanism, and organicism -- The logic of reduction -- Levels of scientific analysis -- Parts and whole -- XXXIX. Teleology versus mechanism -- Four meanings of purpose -- The directiveness of organisms -- Spontaneity and self-creation
Genre History.
Network Numbers (OCoLC)374616
(OCoLC)ocm00374616
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Barbour, Ian G.
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