A philosophy of science for personality theory [by] Joseph F. Rychlak.

Boston, Houghton Mifflin [1968] .

Location Call Number Status Consortium Loan
George Washington
WRLC Shared Collections Facility
BF 38.5 .R9 Off-site
Mt. Vernon campus stacks
BF38.5 .R9 Available Request
WRLC Shared Collections Facility
BF38.5 .R9 Off-site
Mullen Library stacks
BF38.5.R98 P5 Available Request
George Mason
Fenwick stacks
BF38.5 .R9 Available Request
Fenwick stacks
BF38.5 .R9 Available Request
Fenwick stacks
BF38.5 .R9 Available Request
Founders Library stacks
BF38.5 R9 Available Request
Subjects Filosofía de la ciencia.
Psychology -- Methodology.
Psychology -- Philosophy.
Description xix, 508 pages 22 cm
Copyright Date [1968]
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 475-490).
Contents 1. A philosophy of science for personality theory : The science of psychology ; Why a philosophy of science for personality theory? ; The plan of the book ; Biases and book writers
10. The role of dialectic in Freudian and Jungian psychoanalytical theory : Introduction ; Sigmund Freud and the dialectic : Freud's dialectic bias generally recognized ; Psychic energies: Mayer, Helmholtz, Brucke, and the constancy principle ; Mental contents: Charcot, Janet, Breuer, and antithetical ideas. The sources of Freud's dialectic : Method of psycho-analysis and the introspective theoretical perspective ; Freud's Jewish background ; Continental philosophy. Carl Gustav Jung and the dialectic ; The sources of Jung's dialectic : Introspection ; Literature ; Philosophy: a letter from Jung. The dialectic in twentieth-century social science ; Summary -- 11. The play of metaconstructs in in personality theory and the images of man : Dialectical vs. demonstrative metaconstructs : History, religion, language and man art and man ; Creative vs. computer intellect ; Emotional vs. intellectual factors in human behavior ; Natural laws vs. social laws in man's behavior ; The human image. Other major metaconstructs at play in personality theories : Antecedent-consequent, efficient cause, behavior, law, and drive ; Prototypes, formal causes, hierarchies, and symbols : Stereotypes vs. theorotypes. Growth, advancement, development, and final causes ; Purity and the questioning of premises or constructs ; Organismic, balance, well-roundedness, and the one in many ; Alienation, conflict, and the many in one ; Organismic-alienation cycle ; A plethora of metaconstructs? ; Summary -- 12. Career and professional problems of psychology as a science of man : Introduction: Issues which divide ; Clinical psychology and its contradictions : The profession of clinical psychology ; A modern rephrasing of the historical bifurcation ; Professional fission and the future of a useful science of man. Abnormal behavior and the healing professions : The psychiatric team and member motives ; Theories of disease, personality, and the changing conception of mental illness ; Ethico-religious interpretations of abnormal behavior. Adjustment problems of the clinician as applied psychologist : Test prediction and the intent of clinical instruments ; The clinical report and professional problems ; The uses and abuses of insight ; Dialectians into demonstrators and back again. Summary
Epilogue : 13. An orientation for the future : Introduction ; The personality student's frame of reference ; Theoretical terms and intellectual traditions ; Some philosophical implications ; Some reactions to the philosophy of science ; A final overview of our image of man -- References -- Name index -- Subject index.
Part 1. Basic issues in theory construction : 2. Fundamental dimensions of theoretical orientation : Abstraction ; Realism vs. idealism ; Objective vs. subjective ; Theoretical perspective: introspection vs. extraspection ; Formal vs. informal ; Summary -- 3. The multiple functions of theory in a review of classical terminology : Introduction: some important definitions ; A miniature theory of personality ; Descriptive function of theory : Explanation ; Reductionism and operational definition. Delimiting function of theory : Meaning ; Logical positivism. Generative function of theory : Heuristic, analogical, and metaphorical devices ; Models ; The proper locus of theory generation: "The S-R Bind" ; Intervening variables and hypothetical constructs. Integrative function of theory : Theoretical systematization, parsimony, and generalization ; Instructiveness of theory ; Monism vs. dualism ; Eclecticism ; Growth potential and basic postulate evaluation. Summary -- 4. Methods of evidence in arriving at knowledge : Introduction ; Two types of evidence : Procedural evidence ; Validating evidence. The interdependence of evidence ; Evidence in psychotherapy ; Meaning and the nature of knowledge ; Summary -- 5. The meaning of lawfulness and determinism in modern science : Introduction: the lawfulness construct : Lawfulness as a theoretical construct ; Lawfulness as a methodological construct ; The use of lawfulness constructs: induction vs. deduction ; S-S laws vs. R-R laws and methods of study in psychology. Scientific method : What is science? ; Control and prediction in physical science ; Control and prediction in the choice of theory. Determinism : The four types of causes: Aristotle vs. Bacon ; Chance, hard vs. soft determinism and Indeterminism ; Physical vs. psychic determinism. Summary -- 6. The enigmas of control and prediction for a science of man : Introduction : Usages of "control and prediction" : Theory of knowledge ; Language of description ; Means of social influence ; Control and prediction as an ethical position. Ethics and science : Ethical vs. statistical norms ; The criterion problem ; The goals of psychotherapy: intrinsic vs. instrumental values ; Experimental ethics. Probability and prediction : The meaning of probability : Clinical vs. experimental prediction ; Theoretical perspective and evidence in prediction. Summary
Part 2. Broader considerations in the study of man : 7. Psychotherapy, personality theory, and the proper study of human beings : Introduction ; The motives to psychotherapy : The scholarly motive ; The ethical motive ; The curative motive ; A confusion of motive. The parting of ways in psychotherapy and personality study : Personality theory in classical psycho-analysis and psychotherapy ; The transition to non-depth psychotherapy and the loss of personality studies ;Theoretical gulfs and proper personality constructs. Summary -- 8. Introspective and casual analysis in the study of man : Introduction ; The nature of introspection : Introspection as method ; Introspection as theoretical perspective ; Compatibility of theory and method: the line of development. Causes of behavior and the behavior of man : Efficient causation: the extraspectionist's hope ; Functional vs. compelling causes in the behavior of man ; Values and knowing vs. unknowing hedonism ; Some teleologies, hidden and otherwise ; Vehicular vs. discriminable theoretical constructs. Summary -- 9. Dialectical vs. demonstrative reasoning in the history of western thought : Meanings of dialectic in the history of western philosophical thought : Greek philosophy : Socrates ; Plato ; Aristotle. Medieval philosophy : St. Augustine ; St. Thomas Aquinas ; William of Ockham. British empiricism : Sir Francis Bacon ; Thomas Hobbes ; John Locke. The nineteenth century : Immanuel Kant ; Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ; Karl Marx. The twentieth century : Norbert Wiener ; Mortimer Adler. Some implications of the alternatives in reasoning for method, theory, and ethics : Implications for methods ; Implications for theory ; Implications for ethics. Summary
Network Numbers (OCoLC)423596
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Rychlak, Joseph F.
Publication timeline, list of works, related names and subjects and other information


Export citation to: RefWorks