Thought reform of the Chinese intellectuals, by Theodore H.E. Chen.


[Hong Kong] Hong Kong University Press, 1960.

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Subjects China -- Intellectual life.
China.
Chine -- Vie intellectuelle.
Geistesleben.
Heropvoeding.
Hersenspoeling.
Intellectual life.
Intellectuelen.
Pensamiento y el pensar.
Thought and thinking.
Description 247 pages 23 cm
Copyright Date 1960.
Notes Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents PART I. 1950-1952 -- I. THE POLICY OF ABSORB AND REFORM -- 1. The first response of some intellectuals -- 2. The 1939 resolution -- 3. Yenan 1937-1942 -- II. CORRECT THOUGHT THE CURE-ALL -- 1. The products of a bourgeois society -- 2. The idological weapon -- III. EARLY REFORM MEASURES -- 1. The mass-study movement -- 2. Political study -- 3. Short-term political training -- 4. Establishment of revolutionary universities -- 5. New-type proletarian intelligentzia -- IV. PARTICIPATION IN MASS MOVEMENTS -- 1. The land reform -- 2. The Resist-America Aid-Korea campaign -- 3. The Chinese Christians -- V. TIGHTENING THE VICE 1. The rise of terrorism -- 2. Increased pressure on the teachers -- 3. The university professors -- 4. Other educational workers -- 5. Writers and artists -- 6. Other intellectuals -- VI. PERSONALIZING THE TARGETS -- 1. Wu Hsun -- 2. J. Leighton Stuart -- 3. Chang Po-ling and Mei Yi-ch'i -- 4. Hu Shih -- 5. Liang Shu-ming -- 6. Ch'en Ho-ch'in -- 7. Ch'in Mu -- 8. Summary -- VII. THE THREE-ANTI AND FIVE-ANTI CAMPAIGNS -- 1. The three-anti campaign -- 2. The five-anti campaign -- 3. Impact on intellectuals -- 4. 'Bourgeois ideology -- 5. Americanism -- VIII. THE CONFESSIONS -- 1. The general pattern -- 2. Why the confessions? -- 3. Pro-Americanism -- 4. Attitude toward the Soviet Union -- 5. Individualism -- 6. Class and politics -- 7. Bourgeois ideology -- 8. Why did they confess?
PART II. 1953-1957 -- IX. OPERATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF THOUGHT REFORM -- 1. Thought reform a 'struggle' -- 2. The idological targets of attack vary -- 3. Thought reform must be self-reform -- 4. 'Positive elements' set the pace -- 5. Thought reform must be concrete and specific -- 6. The group pressure on the individual -- 7. Reform and revolutionary action -- 8. Realization of inadequacy -- 9. Discarding individualism -- X. THE 1955 CAMPAIGN -- 1. Dream of the Red Chamber -- 2. Renewed attack on Hu Shih -- 3. The case of Hu Feng -- 4. Hu Feng elements -- 5. Renewed attack on Liang Shu-ming -- XI. THE UPSURGE OF THE SOCIALIST TIDE -- 1. The plight of the intellectuals -- 2. The domineering cadres -- 3. Re-examination of the problem -- 4. The Party speaks -- 5. More idological remoulding -- XII. THE ROLE OF THE 'DEMOCRATIC PARTIES' -- 1. Living and working conditions -- 2. New privileges -- 3. The 'democratic parties' -- 4. More intellectuals to enter the Party -- 5. The intellectual quota -- 6. Intellectuals abroad -- 7. The twelve-year plan -- XIII. 'LET A HUNDRED SCHOOLS CONTEND -- 1. New freedom -- 2. Subsequent policy discussions -- 3. Some practical consequences -- XIV. MAO TSE-TUNG SPEAKS -- 1. On contradiction -- 2. In the period of transition -- 3. The 27th of February 1957 -- 4. The intellectuals -- XV. THE RECTIFICATION CAMPAIGN -- 1. Improvement of living conditions -- 2. Rectification within the Party -- 3. The first rumblings -- 4. The scholars criticize -- 5. The May explosion -- XVI. MAY BLOSSOMS -- 1. An increasing variety of flowers -- 2. One month of floral splendour -- 3. Many forums -- 4. Party control of education -- 5. the Party's uneasiness -- XVII. FRAGRANT FLOWERS OR POISONOUS WEEDS? -- 1. 'Kill the Communists' -- 2. 'The Party is the State' -- 3. 'Class distinctions unnecessary' -- 4. 'Get off the high chair' -- 5. 'Is the Soviet Union really friendly?' -- 6. 'Worse than the Koumintang' -- XVIII. THE COMMUNIST REACTION -- 1. The campaign against Rightists -- 2. The formal charges -- 3. Group pressure -- 4. The Chang-Lo Alliance -- 5. Action against newspapers -- 6. Pressure on the non-Communist parties -- XIX. THOUGHT REFORM, REVISED EDITION -- 1. 'An unusual spring' -- 2. The 'schools' contend no more -- 3. The 1957 confessions -- 4. The anti-Rightist campaign continues -- 5. Results of the rectification campaign -- 6. No peace for the intellectuals -- 7. No complete surrender -- 8. Counter-revolutionaries.
Geographic Area China
Network Numbers (OCoLC)411290
(OCoLC)ocm00411290
WorldCat Search OCLC WorldCat
WorldCat Identities Chen, Theodore Hsi-en, 1902-
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